While some problems related to the digestive system can be treated with medicine and lifestyle changes, others require a surgical intervention. A surgery that serves as a treatment for diseases associated with your digestive tract is called gastrointestinal surgery. This type of surgery aims at removing a cancerous or a non-cancerous growth from your digestive tract or rectifying a damaged part of the gastrointestinal tract. Generally, gastrointestinal surgery is divided into two categories; upper GI surgery and lower GI surgery. The upper GI surgery focuses on the upper parts of the digestive tract such as the stomach, esophagus, liver, pancreas, and gall bladder. The lower GI surgery is relevant to lower parts of the digestive tract such as the small intestine, the colon, the rectum, etc. On the basis of the surgical approach, gastrointestinal procedures are further divided into two types; laparoscopic surgery and open GI surgery.